From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Please helpimprove this articlebyadding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged andremoved.
(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Ashipping agencyorshipping agentis the designated person or agency held responsible for handling shipments andcargo, and the general interests of its customers, at ports and harbors worldwide, on behalf of ship owners, managers, and charterers. In some parts of the world, these agents are referred to asport agentsorcargo brokers. There are several categories of shipping agents such as:port agents,liner agents,andown agencies, each rendering specific services depending on theshipping companythey represent.
In other words, a ship agent is any person or company that carries out the functions of an agent,.irrespective of whether they are in business as a ship agent, or they perform such functions as a adjunct to, or conjunction with, other activities such as ship owning or operating, providing cargo handling or similar.
Shipping agents will usually take care of all the regular routine tasks of a shipping company quickly and efficiently. They ensure that essential supplies, crew transfers,customsdocumentation, and waste declarations are all arranged with theport authoritieswithout delay. Quite often, they also provide the shipping company with updates and reports on activities at the destination port so that shipping companies have real-time information available to them while goods are in transit.
Succinctly, the termshipping agentrefers to the relationship between the principal (in this case the shipping company conveying the goods) and its representative, whereby the principal, expressly or impliedly, authorizes the agent to work under his control and on his behalf.
The responsibilities/competencies as well as the remuneration of the agent may be explicitly entered into a contract which has been concluded between himself and theship owner. This practice is very common in the cargo trade, booking agents, etc.
The duties of a cargo broker are similar to those of a shipping agent, but may also vary. For example, a cargo broker will also book outward cargo and inform the shippers on whichquayand when the goods are to be presented and when loading and unloading is due to start. He will draw up booking lists according to the incoming bookings and ensure that the manifest department collects the shipping documents (shipping permits,bills of lading) which are necessary to commence the loading and unloading operations. The collected documents are also compared with the booking lists.
Responsibilities of Shipping Agents Include:
Ensuring aberthfor the incoming ship
Arranging for the pilot and thetugsif necessary
Drawing up the documents for the customs and harbour services
Arranging for the necessary ship fresh water / provisions
Arranging for the necessary doctor for the crew any medical assistance
Arranging for storage bunkers if these are needed
Arranging for the necessary repairs
Conveying instructions to and from the ship owner
Organizing the supply, transport and the handling of the goods
Organizing the necessary contacts with the stevedores
Contacting shippers and the receivers of the goods
In the case of damage to cargo or the ship, the shipping agent also makes the necessary arrangements (at the request of the ships master or owner) with the insurance company, and for nautical inspections and the services of experts or surveyors, etc.
The specific tasks of a cargo broker or port agent include:
Providing the necessary information concerning the freight rates and the publication of the sailing lists
Looking for cargo via notices and sailing lists
Booking of cargo and the conclusion of the agreements
Drawing up, initiating and delivering the required documents (booking lists, shipping permits, delivery orders) related to the cargo
Contacting the shippers/forwarders with regard to the deliveries for shipment
Fulfilling the necessary formalities regarding the delivery and reception of the goods (customs etc.)
Settling cargo claims with insurance companies
Shipping agents or port agents receive a fee called an agency fee for their services.
Articles lacking sources from August 2011
This page was last edited on 21 October 2017, at 08:37.